We have included a colour coded rating for each intervention based on the UNICEF INSPIRE indicator guidance (World Health Organisation).
1) Effective: Programmes that had been rigorously evaluated through at least two high or moderate quality studies using experimental or quasi-experimental design, showing statistically significant impact on either attitudes or behaviours towards child sexual abuse and exploitation and formalized to the extent that outside parties could replicate the programme; OR the intervention is recommended based on high quality meta-analyses and systematic reviews of findings from multiple evaluations.
2) Promising: Programmes will be identified as promising and in need of further research in context if: there is at least one high or moderate quality experimental or quasi-experimental study showing statistically significant impact on child sexual abuse and/or exploitation; OR there is at least one high or moderate quality experimental or quasi-experimental study showing statistically significant impact on risk or protective factors for child sexual abuse and/or exploitation.
3) Prudent: where global treaties or resolutions have determined the intervention as critical for reducing violence against children; OR the intervention has been demonstrated by qualitative or observational studies as effective in reducing sexual abuse or exploitation of children.
4) Pioneering: These are programmes that have a limited evidence base because (a) they are new and evidence is just emerging (e.g., online education programmes); (b) they are programmes where evaluation may be difficult but there is some data that can be used for monitoring and evaluation purposes (e.g., helplines). Classifying a programme as pioneering allows us to recognize what is being done in the field, particularly in settings where resources/possibilities for evaluation may be severely lacking and where nothing may have been done before. Including pioneering programmes helps to identify areas where research is clearly needed.
5) Low evidence/harmful: Where no positive evidence or evaluation on impact exists or there is some research suggesting potential harmful consequences.
6) Book: Ratings not applied to books.